Từ đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) là gì ?

Giống như tiếng việt, tiếng Anh cũng có rất nhiều từ đồng nghĩa

Chúng ta có thể hiểu từ đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) là những từ hay cụm từ có nghĩa giống nhau hoặc tương tự nhau tuy nhiên khác nhau về ký tự và phát âm khác nhau. Tuy có sự tương đồng về nghĩa nhưng tuỳ ngữ cảnh mà chúng sẽ biểu thị sắc thái riêng.

Trong bài viết ngày hôm nay, hãy cùng IELTS Arena khám phá 100 cặp từ đồng nghĩa thông dụng nhất trong tiếng Anh nhé !

Synonyms List 1

Dưới đây là những cụm từ đồng nghĩa tiếng Anh thông dụng nhất, bạn hãy lưu về để nâng trình từ vựng cho mình nhé!

Words Meanings Meaning/ synonyms
Abstract Actual instances Theoretical, notional, intellectual, symbolic
Abstruse Hard to understand Incomprehensible, unfathomable, arcane
Arduous Difficult Hard, toilsome, onerous, wearisome, exhausting)
Augean Difficult and Unpleasant Challenging, difficult, effortful)
Baffling To confuse or perplex Puzzle, mistify, bemuse
Confined Restricted in an area or volume Cramped, constricted, limited
Austere Strict and serious in appearance and behaviour Strict, harsh, stern, severe
Competence The ability to do something Capability, proficiency, ability, skill
Parochial Having a limited or narrow outlook Conservative, insular, short-sighted
Moribund No longer effective and about to come to an end completely Inactive, stagnant, motionless
Ineptitude Lack of skill or ability Inability, inefficacy, incompetence
Bystander A person who is present at an event or incident but does not part Observer, onlooker, watcher)
Entrench To establish something very strongly so that it is difficult to change Establish, ensconce, install, settle
All-encompassing Including everything Comprehensive, wide, extensive
Contagion The spread of disease by close contact between people Infection, transmission, foulness
Cohort A group of people who share a common future or aspect of behaviour Partner, companion, comrade
Ploy Words or actions that are carefully planned to get an advantage over somebody else Tactic, gambit, trick
Idiosyncrasy An unusual feature Mannerism, trait, eccentricity
Quibble A small complaint or criticism Minor, criticism, trivial
Aghast Shocked or scared Horrified, stunned, appalled
Accrue Payments or benefits Collect, gather, amass
Muzzle Prevent a person or group from expressing their opinions freely Gag, suppress, restrain
Synergy The extra energy Collaboration, cooperation, associations
Officious Assertive of authority in a domineering way Over-bearing, high handed


Synonyms List 2

Ở danh sách từ đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) 2 bạn sẽ bắt gặp nhiều từ vựng nâng cao, một bài viết sử dụng nhiều từ đồng nghĩa độc và lạ sẽ luôn được giám khảo ưu ái hơn những bài viết khác.

Word Meaning Synonyms List
Outcry A reaction of anger or strong protest Furore, uproar, commotion
Progenitor A person who starts an idea or a development Founder, forerunner, begetter
Sumptuous Very expensive/impressive Lavish, luxurious, palatial
Enthuse To make somebody feel very interested and excited Motivate, encourage, inspire, spur)
Underscore To emphasize Stress, accentuate, point up
Sanguine Optimistic or positive Hopeful, assured, positive, buoyant
Fable A short story moral, story, parable, allegory
Protectionist A defensor Shielder, hedger, firewall
Remit Task/activity assigned to an individual/organisation Orbit, ambit, jurisdiction
Slack Characterized by a lack of work or activity Laggard, sluggish, inactive, stagnant
Polemics The practice of engaging in a controversial debate debate, discussion, wrangling
Sully Damage the purity or integrity Defile, soil, tarnish, stain
Salience The quality of being particularly noticeable or important prominence, eminence, distinction, the primacy
Totter Move-in a shabby way/feel insecure Be shaky, be insecure, falter
Reckon To calculate something/be of an opinion Compute, Beleive, Figure, Assume
Cataclysmic Causing sudden and violent upheaval Disastrous, calamitous, devastating
Unflinching Remaining strong and determined Resolute, steadfast, dogged, firm
Goliath A person or thing that is very large or powerful ( Giant, titan, whopper, colossus
Ferment A state of political or social excitement and confusion Tumult, uproar, mayhem, furore
Febrile Nervous/excited/ Showing fever Tense, edgy, fidgety, feverish, flushed, jittery
Connote To suggest a feeling, an idea, etc Recommend, indicate, signify, denote
Serpentine Winding and twisting like a snake Winding, zigzag, meandering, twisting
Heyday The period of a person’s or thing’s greatest success Prime, zenith, acme, salad days
Fret Anxious/nervous Worry, agonize, bother, distress
Inkling A slight knowledge or suspicion Clue, hunch, glimmering
Febrile Nervous/excited/ Showing fever Tense, edgy, fidgety, feverish, flushed, jittery
Connote To suggest a feeling, an idea, etc Recommend, indicate, signify, denote
Serpentine Winding and twisting like a snake Winding, zigzag, meandering, twisting
Heyday The period of a person’s or thing’s greatest success Prime, zenith, acme, salad days
Fret Anxious/nervous Worry, agonize, bother, distress
Inkling A slight knowledge or suspicion Clue, hunch, glimmering


Synonyms List 3

Ở danh sách từ đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) 3 IELTS Arena tổng hợp 50 từ vựng thông dụng được sử dụng trong cuộc sống hàng ngày

Word Meaning  Synonyms List 
Dangerous Something which is likely to cause injury or damage Perilous
Dark With no light or very little light Shadowy
Decide To think about two or more possibilities and choose one of them Determine
Definite Having certain or distinct limits a definite period of time Certain
Delicious Having a very pleasant taste or smell Savoury
Describe To say what somebody/something is like, or what happened Portray
Destroy To damage something so badly that it can no longer be used or no longer exists Ruin
Difference The way that people or things are not the same or the way that somebody/something has changed Disagreement
Do To perform an action, activity or job Execute
Dull Not interesting or exciting; boring Unimaginative
Eager Strongly wanting to do or have something. Keen
End The furthest or last part of something; the place or time where something stops Stop
Enjoy To get pleasure from something Appreciate
Explain To make something clear or easy to understand Elaborate
Fair Appropriate and acceptable in a particular situation Just
Fall To drop down towards the ground Drop
False Not true; not correct Fake
Fast Able to move or act at great speed Quick
Fat Weighing too much; covered with too much flesh Stout
Fear The feeling that you have when something dangerous, painful or frightening might happen Fright
Fly To move through the air Soar
Funny That makes you smile or laugh Humorous
Get To receive, obtain or buy something. Acquire
Go To move or travel from one place to another Recede
Good Of a high quality or standard Excellent
Great Large in amount, degree, size, etc.; a lot of Noteworthy
Gross Being the total amount before anything is taken away Improper
Happy Feeling or showing pleasure; pleased Pleased
Hate To have a very strong feeling of not liking somebody/something at all Despise
Have Used for forming the perfect tenses Acquire
Help To do something for somebody in order to be useful or to make something easier for him/her Aid
Hide To put or keep somebody/something in a place where he/she/it cannot be seen; to cover something so that it cannot be seen Conceal
Hurry The need or wish to do something quickly Hasten
Hurt To feel painful Damage
Idea A picture or impression in your mind Thought
Important Having great value or influence; very necessary Necessary
Interesting Enjoyable and entertaining; holding your attention Fascinating
Keep To continue to be in a particular state or position Hold


Synonyms List 4

List từ vựng số 4 là bảng tổng hợp từ đồng nghĩa (Synonyms) những từ vựng căn bản, IELTS Arena khuyên bạn nên lưu bảng từ vựng dưới đây để phục vụ cho đời sống thường ngày.

Word Meaning Synonyms List
Laugh An expression of mirth, derision, etc. Chuckle
Lots Of great numbers or quantities
Label A short word or phrase descriptive of a person, group, intellectual movement, etc. Trademark
Labour Productive activity, especially for the sake of economic gain. Activity
Landfill A low area of land that is built up from deposits of solid refuse in layers covered by soil. Junkyard
Landlord A person or organization that owns and leases apartments to others. Property Owner
Language A body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition Dialect
Machine An apparatus consisting of interrelated parts with separate functions, used in the performance of some kind of work Gadget
Mail Letters, packages, etc., that are sent or delivered by means of a postal system Letter
Major Greater in size, extent, or importance Considerable
Malice Desire to inflict injury, harm, or suffering on another, either because of a hostile impulse or out of deep-seated meanness Bitterness
Management The person or persons controlling and directing the affairs of a business, institution, etc Administration
Manufacture The making of goods or wares by manual labour or by machinery, especially on a large scale Construct
Nation The territory or country itself Community
Near Close to a point or place not far away Adjacent
Narrow Of little breadth or width; not broad or wide; not as wide as usual or expected Cramped
Nearly With close approximation Closely
Name A word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called or known Brand
Objective Something that one’s efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish Purpose
Observe To see, watch, perceive, or notice Detect


Important Synonyms List

Word Synonym
Love Adore
Shocked Aghast
Worried Concerned
Combination Amalgamation
Figure Out Ascertain
Happy Delighted
Annoyed Exasperated
Fast Quick
Beautiful Delightful
Delicious Scrumptious
Tired Fatigued
Cold Frigid
Fair Unbiased
Interesting Intriguing
Angry Livid
Hate Loathe
Problem Predicament
Declare Profess
On hold Stagnant
Calm Tranquil


Việc học từ đồng nghĩa là 1 cách hiệu quả giúp bạn mở rộng vốn từ và hơn hết khi học một trường từ vựng theo hệ thống não bộ sẽ ghi nhớ lâu hơn giúp việc học của bạn trở nên hiệu quả hơn. Đơn giản nhờ việc sử dụng các từ ngữ phong phú khiến bài văn và cuộc nói chuyện của bạn trở nên thú vị, 1 bài test IELTS Writing sử dụng nhiều từ đồng nghĩa cũng giúp bạn ghi điểm với giám khảo.

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